Bill C-45 establishes criminal liability for organizations and individuals when they fail to take reasonable steps to prevent workplace accidents that affect workers or the general public- conviction will result in a criminal record.
The legal duty is similar to the general duty clauses currently found in the Occupational Health and Safety Act of Ontario. However, it elevates the penalty to the/of a crime with a permanent criminal record.
It applies to “everyone who undertakes, or has the authority, to direct how another person does work or performs a task….”. Bill C-45 extends legal duties to a new level that could potentially apply from a coworker up to the president.
The requirement “to prevent bodily harm to that person, or any other person, arising from that work or task” goes farther than any current OH&S legislation in Canada. Bill C-45 casts the net to include all employees as well as the public that may be affected by the work or task.
Bill C-45 Legislation : New Criminal Legislation affecting Workplace Safety
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