Articles & Info

Bill C-45 Legislation : New Criminal Legislation affecting Workplace Safety

Bill C-45 establishes criminal liability for organizations and individuals when they fail to take reasonable steps to prevent workplace accidents that affect workers or the general public- conviction will result in a criminal record.

Key Elements


  • The legal duty is similar to the general duty clauses currently found in the Occupational Health and Safety Act of Ontario. However, it elevates the penalty to the/of a crime with a permanent criminal record.

  • It applies to “everyone who undertakes, or has the authority, to direct how another person does work or performs a task….”. Bill C-45 extends legal duties to a new level that could potentially apply from a coworker up to the president.

  • The requirement “to prevent bodily harm to that person, or any other person, arising from that work or task” goes farther than any current OH&S legislation in Canada. Bill C-45 casts the net to include all employees as well as the public that may be affected by the work or task.

Practical Impact

An effective program with demonstrated clear communication helps not only to ensure compliance but helps to ensure the health and safety of employees. The first line of defense against injury and poor workplace experiences in the workplace remains an organization's and an individual’s proactive compliance with the existing workplace health and safety regulations.


An awareness of proactive measures that satisfy not only a health and safety component but also a wellness initiative is more than prevention, it's proactive workplace living that drives the culture of the organization in a most positive way.


Supporting Articles

Injury rates, Sprain Strain seems to be number one


Sedentary Lifestyle Canadian Stats


Health Promotion versus Disease Management: A Corporate Lifestyle Approach


Workplace Wellness In Motion - These are the facts.